Minnows have recently been introduced into the mountain lakes of southern Norway. In Øvre Heimdalsvatn, an intensively studied lake, the minnow population has increased rapidly during the last decade. Studies were performed on feeding habits, habitat preferences, age, growth, energy content, densities, parasites, predation and spawning activities. Several aspects were found to be different from other studies, e.g. higher age of sexual maturation, lower growth rate, no feeding on plants, and low infection of parasites. The interaction with the only other fish, the brown trout, is discussed in relation to the minnow population. In 1978 the minnows constituted little more than 10% of production and food consumption of the trout population, and only limited food competition and predation was documented. Increasing competition is likely with a greater minnow population.