In the books written about the Navajos, Barboncito repeatedly shows up as the headman who promoted peace. In fact he signed the first treaty in 1946 with the Americans, after the Mexican/American War, known as the Doniphan Treaty.
Despite the treaty, the following years brought nothing but trouble, as the Dine and their Ute, Pueblo, Apache, and New Mexican neighbors fought over land and livestock, raiding, killing and kidnapping each other. American settlers demanded that the American government step in and put an end to the warring, but the arrival of the military only escalated an already violent situation.
Despite Barboncito's reputation as a peacemaker, he became a war chief during the late